Vegetation of Burundi

Vegetation of Burundi

Burundi is a landlocked country in east-central Africa with an area of 27,830 sq km (10,745 sq mi), of which about 7% consists of lakes.

The hilly countryside is mainly farmed land with only Kibira national park as the last natural forest left in the vegetation of Burundi.

Burundi is boarded on the North by Rwanda, on the East and South by Tanzania, and on the West by the Democratic Republic of Congo with a total boundary length of 974 km (605 mi).

Most of the country is savannah grassland. There is little forest left; Burundi is one of the most eroded and deforested countries in all of tropical Africa. Of the remaining trees, the most common are eucalyptus, acacia, fig, and oil palms along the lakeshores. There are over 2,500 species of plants.

Burundi is a country mainly of mountains and plateaus, with a western range of mountains running north-south and continuing into Rwanda.

The highest point is Mt. Heha at 2,670 m (8,760 ft). The only land below 914 m (3,000 ft) is a narrow strip of plain along the Ruzizi River (about 800 m/2,600 ft), which forms the western border north of Lake Tanganyika, From the mountains eastward, the land declines gradually, dropping to about 1,400 m (4,600 ft) toward the southeastern and southern border. The average elevation of the central plateau is about 1,525 to 2,000 m (5,000 to 6,500 ft). The major rivers form natural boundaries for most of the country.

The Kanyaru and the Kagera separate Burundi from Rwanda along many sections of the common border. The Kagera and the Ruvubu are important as the southernmost sources of the Nile.

Most of Burundi’s southern border is formed by the Malagarasi River. The principal lakes are Tanganyika, Cohoha, and Rweru.

The country is literally small and you can get across it within a shorter time and its one of the countries can easily be combined with Uganda, Rwanda while planning your safari to the Heart of East Africa where wonders happen to like the gorilla trekking safaris and the spectacular annual wildebeest migration in Tanzania and Kenya.

Size & Location
How to get there
Areas of interest
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