Wildlife of Botswana

Wildlife of Botswana

The Republic of Botswana may be one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries, but it also happens to be one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. Over the years, it has transformed into a middle-income country with a competitive banking system and a growing mineral industry that accounts for about 40 per cent of its GDP.

The Kalahari Desert covers about 70 per cent of this flat, landlocked country. But this semi-desert supports more wildlife than a true desert — it offers huge tracts of grasslands for grazing after rains. In addition to its vast desert ecosystem, Botswana has deltas, rivers, grasslands, and savannahs, making it a stronghold for a significant amount of diverse wildlife. One of the few remaining endangered African wild dog populations and the biggest population of African elephants on the planet both find sanctuary in Botswana. The famous Chobe National Park features four ecosystems with the most abundant wildlife concentration in all of Africa.

Mammals found in Botswana include

  • Aardwolf
  • African bush elephant
  • African golden cat
  • African striped weasel
  • Banded mongoose
  • Bat-eared fox
  • Black footed cat
  • Blue duicker
  • Bongo Antelope
  • Brown hyena
  • Burchell’s zebra
  • Bushbuck
  • African buffalo
  • Cape fox
  • Cape hyrax
  • Cape wild dog
  • Caracal
  • South African Cheetah
  • Common duicker
  • Common eland
  • Gemsbok
  • Giant sable antelope
  • Angolan giraffe
  • Greater kudu
  • Ground pangolin
  • Heartbeest
  • Hippopotamus
  • Impala
  • Kirks dik-dik
  • Klipspringer
  • Lechwe
  • African leopard
  • Lions
  • Mountain Zebra
  • Oribi
  • Roan antelope
  • Sable antelope
  • Serval cat
  • Sharpe’s grysbok
  • Sitatunga
  • Southern reedbuck
  • South-central black rhinoceros
  • Spotted Hyena
  • Springbok antelope
  • Steenbok
  • Topi
  • Common warthog
  • Waterbucks
  • Wildebeest
  • Yellow-backed Duicker
  • Yellow mongoose
  • Marsh mongoose
  • Meerkat

Best time to see wildlife in Botswana

The best time to visit them is from May to September, during the Dry season and winter, resulting in more moderate temperatures. In addition, the Okavango is flooded from June to October. Wildlife viewing is good year-round, but this can differ for some parks.

Size & Location
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Areas of interest
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